Have you explored your router configurations? Many of the users do not know about many configurations that they can have on their routers. You may enjoy those configurations. Different routers may not have all the options for configurations and the names could also be different. The best thing you can do is to have a glimpse on the router’s manual to understand the option better. However, we are going to list out few of the common configurations.
Before getting started with it, you need to have an access to the router’s web interface, so that you set up the configurations.
Access router web interface:
Did you know that you can access the web interface of your router in your web browser, while you’re connected in the network of your router? To begin with, you need to plug in the router’s IP address of your router in the address bar of your browser.
How do I get the IP address of the router?
In the Control Panel, navigate to the option of ‘Network and sharing center’. Click on the internet connection and select the ‘details’ button to know more about it. Very likely, you will come across ‘IPv4 Default Gateway’, which indicates the IP address that you need to plug into the browser’s URL bar.
Now, you will be asked to enter the username and password. If you do not know this, you can run through the manual to know this info or surf the web with the model number, to know the password combination.
Once you know the credentials, you can make use of it set the configurations through the router’s interface.
Here are the settings that you can configure.
Know who are in the network:
It wouldn’t be a problem, if you want to see the systems connected to the router’s network. The list of connected computers can be seen on a status page or on any general page. Usually, the connected computers will be shown under the ‘clients list’. It is always advised to give proper names to the systems, to ensure that approved systems are connected in the network.
Many of the router’s settings can be changed through this interface and ‘wireless channel’ is one among them. There could be a possibility that many of the wireless networks are using the same wireless channels as you do. If this is the case, then your internet connection tends to be slower. Using this interface, you can choose to use a different wireless channel. Before you go for a wireless channel, it would be wise if you make use of insider utility for Windows. This utility can be used to scan all the wireless networks in your area and come up with one that has got the least interference. Upon selecting the suggested wireless channel, you will see a difference in the speed of your connection.
If the area needs to be covered by the internet connection is huge, then single router will not serve the purpose. In that case, you have to opt for more than a router. You may think of creating separate wireless networks for every router. However, it wouldn’t be necessary, if you can access the ‘repeating’ setting of your router. Many routers come with the feature of ‘repeating’.
With ‘repeating’ enabled, all you need to do is include as many routers as needed for the huge connection and every router will perform as a repeater in creating a huge internet connection.
Quality of Service or QoS:
This is another feature of routers that are found on many of them, these days. This feature, if enabled, will prioritize the traffic that flows down to the computer through the connection. For example, if BitTorrent transfer is on and there are few web pages that have been requested, Quality of Service will narrow down the bandwidth to BitTorrent, considering the transfer to be less important. Similarly, QoS will show preference to one computer connection over another connection, as it has been configured.
If there is a server computer in your router’s network, it is likely that the computers connected through this network to the service have dynamic IP addresses, which keeps changing on a regular basis. The network keeps the IP addresses updated in the server, so that there is no problem in the network or with any computer in the network.
To configure this feature, you need to create an account with the router’s supported service. To find the service that will support this feature in your router, you need to go to the router’s DDNS page for a list of such service. You can choose the service from this list.
You might know that the routers prevent the incoming traffic by default. However, if you want to set up a server in the network and connect other computers to this server, then you need to set up the incoming connections as well and this is possible. This connection can be enabled in many ways.
Forwarding ports can be used to enable these connections. Every time there is an incoming traffic to these ports, the traffic will be moved to a particular computer.
Port triggering is another way of doing this. Whenever there is a program that tries to run on one port, the port forwarding will be enabled automatically.
Make use of DMZ or demilitarized zone, so that the entire incoming traffic is sent to one computer in the network.
By default UPnP is enabled. Although it is not very secured, but you can use UPnP is used when the programs want to open up the ports.
It is not necessary that you need to have a fixed DNS server in your router’s network. You can make changes to the parental controls of every device that is connected to your system and can make any of these devices a DNS server.
There are ways to control the flow of certain website traffic to the network. Also, you can restrict the access of certain web pages. If you have kids at home and you do not want them to access the internet at a particular hour of the day, you can block the internet for that hour. Also, you can configure it on specific computers.
For configuring this setting, you need to have parental controls and if you do not have the parental control, you can change the DNS server to Open DNS.
At times, you may face issues with the network connections. In that case, you might have to turn the switch off and then on. You could see a reset button that can be used to bring the router back to normal working condition, by rebooting it. These procedures could be troublesome, but using the interface to reboot the router will be easier.
So far, we have tried to cover everything that you can do with the administration pages. You can start with these configurations. If you face any trouble, you can look through your routers manual to know it well.